Common ration ingredients

A wide range of materials are available for dairy feeding, each with their own particular feeding attributes and limitations which need to be taken into account. This applies to all feeds ingredients from the most common to those which are less known. The importance of accurate analysis to ensure their most cost effective utilisation should not be under estimated.

Below are a few examples of feeds and their values in terms of inclusion in the diet.

 

Ration

 

Typical Analysis

Maximum Recommended Inclusion for Milking Cows (kg/day)

Comments

DM

%

ME

MJ/KG DM

CP

g/Kg DM

Rapeseed meal

90

12.0

400

4

Good RDP protein source but low in energy compared to other proteins.

Soya (hi-pro)

89

13.8

560

5

Good protein source, high in UDP and notably consistent.

Soya (Brazilian)

89

13.4

500

5

Good protein source, high in UDP, less consistent than hi-pro but with useful fibre.

Soya hulls

90

12

120

5

Good source of digestible fibre.

Sugar beet pulp

89

12.5

100

5

Very stable source of high digestible fibre.

Wheat feed

88

11.3

190

6

Low overall value but useful to reduce risk of acidosis from more starchy feeds.

 

 A more comprehensive list of feeds can be found in Factsheet 5 in the feeding+ folder.