Infectious disease control in dairy cows: Provision of practical guidance on biosecurity and vaccination strategies

Aims & Objectives
To combine current research knowledge, farmer and vet attitudes, and expert opinion to develop best practice guidelines for biosecurity and vaccination strategies on British dairy farms

Expected Outcomes

  • Identification of farmer motivating factors and perceived barriers to the uptake of improved  biosecurity and vaccination strategies.
  • Information on the beliefs and perceptions of field vets on biosecurity measures and vaccination strategies used, and advised on dairy farms.
  • A best practice guideline for biosecurity and vaccination for dairy farms.
  • Key topics that need to be discussed / targeted to facilitate more effective engagement by dairy farmers on disease preventive issues.

Start Date       
June 2012      

Completion Date
June 2016

Lead Contractor
University of Nottingham - Research Partnership study 

Other Delivery Partners
University of Reading,
Harper Adams University,
Royal Veterinary College,
Aberystwyth University

AHDB Dairy

Understanding challenges and perceptions of vaccination strategies

Scientific literature

Richens, I,F., Houdmont, J, Wapenaar, W, Shortall, O, Kaler, J, O’Connor, H and Brennan, M.L. 2018. Application of multiple behaviour change models to identify determinants of farmers’ biosecurity attitudes and behaviours. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Vol 155: pages 61-74.

Shortall, O., Green, M., Brennan, M., Wapenaar, W., Kaler, K. 2017. Exploring expert opinion on the practicality and effectiveness of biosecurity measures of dairy farms in the UK using choice modelling. Journal of Dairy Science 100: 1-5

Brennan, M.L, Wright, N, Wapenaar, W, Jarratt, S, Hobson-West, P, Richens, I.F, Kaler, J, Buchanan, H, Huxley, J.N and O'Connor, H.M. 2016. Exploring attitudes and beliefs towards implementing cattle disease prevention and control measures: a qualitative study with dairy farmers in Great Britain. Animal, 6: 61

Richens, I,F., Hobson-West, P, Brennan, M,L., Hood, Z, Kaler, J, Green, M, Wright, N and Wapenaar, W. 2016. Factors influencing veterinary surgeons’ decision-making about dairy cattle vaccination. Veterinary Record, 179: Issue 16.

Ruston, A., Shorthall, O., Green, M., Brennana, M.L., Wapenaar, W. and Kaler, J. 2016. Challenges facing the farm animal veterinary profession in England: A qualitative study of veterinarians' perceptions and responses. Preventative Veterinary Medicine, 124:84-93

Richens, I.F., Hobson-West, P., Brennan, M.L., Lowton, R., Kaler, J., Wapenaar, W. 2015. Farmers' perception of the role of veterinary surgeons in vaccination strategies on British dairy farms. Veterinary Record 117:465 doi:10.1136/vr.103415                    

Shortall O., Ruston A., Kaler J. 2015. How do veterinarians frame their own barriers and farmers barriers to implement biosecurity on dairy farms. International symposium of Veterinary epidemiology and economics. 3-7 Nov 2015, Merida, Mexico

Richens, I.F., Brennan, M.L., Wapenaar, W., Hobson-West, P., Wright, N., O’Connor, H.M. 2013. Methods used to collect farmers’ attitudes, motivators and barriers toward cattle production: a rapid review. Proceedings of the British Society of Animal Science, Nottingham, UK, 16-17 April 2013 p13

Cresswell, E., Richens, I., Archer, S., Breen, J., Huxley, J., Randall, L., Remnant, J., Wapenaar, W., Biggs, A., Kerby, M., Statham J. (2013). Veterinary vaccination advice and perceived farmer compliance on UK dairy farms. Livestock 18(5):166-74.

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