UK Dairy Trade Balance

Published 5 February 16

Milk production was strong in 2013/14, leading to increased availability for dairy product production and exports. Exports increased across all products except cream, with powders showing the strongest growth. Meanwhile, butter and powder imports reduced and cheese imports remained flat. 

    2004 2013 2014*
Raw Milk (a) (MILLION LITRES)      
  Production 13,894 13,404 14,481
  Imports  65 132 213
  Exports  434 473 545
  Domestic Use 13,524 13,063 14,149
         
Butter (b) ('000 TONNES)      
  Production 122 145 141
  Imports  114 106 95
  Exports  35 45 51
  Domestic Use (c) 208 206 185
         
Cheese ('000 TONNES)      
  Production 359 388 416
  Imports  335 468 469
  Exports  93 125 134
  Domestic Use 600 731 751
         
Cream (d) ('000 TONNES)      
  Production 325 304 307
  Imports  15 22 30
  Exports  81 44 34
  Domestic Use 259 282 303
         
Condensed Milk (e) ('000 TONNES)      
  Production 161 105 96
  Imports  25 48 38
  Exports  18 7 8
  Domestic Use 169 145 126
         
Milk Powders (f) ('000 TONNES)      
  Production 168 110 168
  Imports  68 67 66
  Exports  186 88 125
  Domestic Use (c) 79 90 108

* Provisional

(a) Raw milk data is aggregated  from surveys run by Defra, RERAD and DARDNI, on the utilisation of milk by dairies.

(b) Includes butterfat and oil, dehydrated butter and ghee

(c) Includes stock changes

(d) Fresh, frozen and sterilised

(e) Includes condensed milk used in the production of chocolate crumb and in the production of sweetened and unsweetened machine skimmed milk.

(f) Include full cream powder, whole milk powder, partially skimmed milk powder and skimmed milk powder

Note: Butter and cream includes production from the residual fat of low fat milk products

Butter, cream and cheese production includes farmhouse manufacture

Source: Defra, AHDB Dairy

UK Trade Balance in spend terms

The deficit in the UK trade balance in dairy products reduced in 2014 by £157m to £1.2bn. The value of exports rose by £110m, while the value of imports declined by £47m. 

£m

Imports

Exports

Deficit

1990

931

455

-476

1991

888

437

-451

1992

1,030

505

-525

1993

921

589

-332

1994

965

623

-342

1995

983

734

-249

1996

1,054

656

-398

1997

1015

673

-342

1998

1,026

663

-363

1999

1,054

610

-444

2000

1,040

576

-464

2001

1,116

543

-573

2002

1,130

536

-594

2003

1,325

684

-641

2004

1,425

699

-726

2005

1,542

646

-896

2006

1,634

652

-982

2007

1,627

735

-892

2008

1,992

794

-1,198

2009

2,009

729

-1,280

2010

2,141

925

-1,216

2011

2,246

1,111

-1,135

2012

2,294

1,029

-1,266

2013

2,556

1,196

-1,360

2014*

2,509

1,306

-1,203

Source: HMRC

*Figures subject to revisions

UK Dairy Trade Balance